A dental implant is an artificial root shaped as a screw which is screwed into the bone and a crown is attached to it.
How conventional dental implantation is performed?
1. During the first appointment, the condition of patients’ remaining teeth, gums, jaw bones is examined and the therapeutic plan is developed. Therefore, a panoramic X-ray picture has to be made where both jaw bones with remaining teeth are visible. In case of unclarities, the doctor may recommend an additional examination of jaw bones by a computer tomograph.
2. A dental implant has to be secured in the bone in the same way as a natural root. Therefore, upon sufficient anaesthesia, a small incision is made in the gums where a tooth is missing to expose the bone. An opening is made in the bone by means of special sterile drills where an artificial dental tooth is screwed. If the implant is well secured and it is coated by bone on all sides, a higher cover is screwed immediately which sticks a little from the gums as a small metal tablet. Where an artificial root is weakly secured in the bone or the bone grafting procedure has been performed (see Jaw Bone Grafting), a low cover is screwed and the implant is completely sutured under the gums.
3. In a week, the patient is invited for examination, sutures are removed.
4. In 3–6 months after implantation, depending on the initial condition of the bone, the production of a dental crown of individual shape and colours starts. A tooth may be attached to the implant by special cement or screwed. In our Clinic, the most common method of securing is screws so that a denture could be taken out and repaired easily when required.
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